Nu har jeg lest boken «Power, Voice and Subjectivity in Literature for Young Readers» av Maria Nikolajeva. Meget informativt om hva og hvor forskningen rundt barnelitteraturen står i dag. Nikolajeva er opptatt av maktperspektivet innenfor barnelitteraturen, da spesielt skjevheten mellom den voksne og barnet. De viktigste momentene i boka vil jeg mene er:
Barnelitteraturen bygger på følgende teser:
- Children’s literature is a reflection of status of childhood in the society that produced it
- Children’s literature is adult authors` nostalgic memories of their own childhood
- Children’s literature is adult authors` therapeutic treatment for their childhood traumas
- There is no such thing as children’s literature
The child/adult imbalance is most tangibly manifested in the relationship between the ostensibly adult narrative voice and the child focalizing character. Children’s literature can subvert its own oppressive function, as it can describe situations in which the established power structures are interrogated without necessarily being overthrown
Picturebooks have great potential for subversion of adult power and interrogation of existing order. Children’s writers can empower their child characters and disempower them in various ways, but the principle us essentially the same: empowerment is allowed on certain conditions, and is almost without exceptions limited in time.